Last edited by Taugal
Tuesday, November 10, 2020 | History

2 edition of Cholera immunology found in the catalog.

Cholera immunology

World Health Organization. Scientific Group on Cholera Immunology.

Cholera immunology

report of a WHO scientific group.

by World Health Organization. Scientific Group on Cholera Immunology.

  • 288 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by World Health Organization in Geneva .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cholera -- Immunological aspects

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesWorld Health Organization. Technical report series,, no. 414, Technical report series (World Health Organization) ;, 414.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA8 .A25 no. 414
    The Physical Object
    Pagination21 p.
    Number of Pages21
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5516634M
    LC Control Number73496607

      Definition Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Every year, there are an estimated 3–5 million cholera cases and – deaths due to cholera. The short incubation period of two hours to five days, enhances the potentially explosive pattern. In the Interest of Truth: The Life and Science of Surgeon General George Miller Sternberg - Yellow Fever, Bacteriology, Immunology and Cholera in New York City, War with Spain, Progressive Leadership. by Progressive Management. Share your thoughts Complete your review. Tell readers what you thought by rating and reviewing this book. Rate it Brand: Progressive Management.   4 Cholera Returns to Russia, Cholera Reappears in Russia: Samara, The Cholera Epidemic and Investigation in Samara The MVD Returns to the Volga, The Tsarist Railroad and Cholera The Threat of Cholera on the Russian Railroad and the Muslim Hajj, Brand: Bloomsbury Publishing.


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Cholera immunology by World Health Organization. Scientific Group on Cholera Immunology. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Cholera Outbreaks (Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology Book ): Read Books Reviews - The book closes with an analysis of the potential use of killed oral cholera vaccines to stop the spread of cholera outbreaks. Product details Series: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology (Book )Format: Hardcover.

“The deviation of man from the state in which he was originally placed by nature seems to have proved to him a prolific source of diseases. From the love of splendour, from the indulgences of luxury, and from his fondness for amusement he has familiarised himself with a Cholera immunology book number of animals, which may not originally have been intended for his associates.

Vibrio cholerae, with strains that cause cholera, is a motile, Gram-negative curved rod belonging to the family Vibrionaceae. Although approximately recognized O serogroups have been identified, only serogroups O1 and O strains are known to cause severe disease and cholera pandemics.

Intestinal and/or extra-intestinal infections with non-O1 and non-O serogroups or. Paul A. Manning, in Encyclopedia of Immunology (Second Edition), Vibrio cholerae is the causative agent of the acute diarrheal disease cholera.

It is a complex pathogen expressing a variety of virulence factors necessary for adherence to and colonization of the gut, as well as a variety of toxins including the potent cholera enterotoxin and other secreted proteins. COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

CHOLERA R. POLLITZER, M.D. George Williams Hooper Foundation, The eleven chapters which constitute the main part of this book originally appeared as separate articles in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization participating in the most difficult task of discussing the problems of cholera immunology, to the elucidation of which his.

John Snow’s name is inextricably linked with cholera and the story of his role in identifying it as a water-borne disease by studying an outbreak in Soho, London has gone down in the annals of medicine. In fact, Snow first came across cholera when he was a young surgeon-apothecary in Newcastle between and when he witnessed the first epidemic of the disease in Britain.

Cholera is a disease caused by bacteria that produce a watery diarrhea that can rapidly lead to dehydration.; Cholera symptoms and signs include a rapid onset of copious, smelly diarrhea that resembles rice water and may lead Cholera immunology book signs of dehydration (for example, vomiting, wrinkled skin, low blood pressure, dry mouth, rapid heart rate).; Cholera is most frequently transmitted by water sources.

" It will be the purpose of this review to examine and summarize the recent history and literature relevant to the possible control of cholera through knowledge of the immunology of the cholera vibrios and their products. The literature prior to has been reviewed with encyclopedic thoroughness by POLLITZER" [this Bulletinv.

57, ].Cited by: Cholera is an acute, watery diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae of the O1 or O serogroups. In the past two centuries, cholera has emerged and spread from the Ganges Delta six times and from Indonesia once to cause global pandemics.

Rational approaches to the case management of cholera with oral and intravenous rehydration therapy have reduced the case fatality of cholera from more. The results of two studies, published today (10 November) in Science, present a new 'rule-book' to estimate the risk of different cholera strains causing an.

The cholera vaccine is widely used by backpackers and persons visiting locations where there is a high risk of cholera infection. However, since it does not provide percent immunity from the disease, food hygiene precautions are also recommended when visiting an area where there is a high risk of becoming infected with ncy category: US: C (Risk not ruled out).

This chapter outlines present knowledge on the immune mechanisms operating against cholera based on studies of experimental animals infected with Vibrio cholerae as well as of humans living in areas where cholera is endemic or convalescing from cholera disease. Owing to the critical role of cholera toxin (CT) in the pathogenesis of V.

cholerae O1, much interest has been focused on the Cited by: Part of the Comprehensive Immunology book series (COMIMUN, volume 8) Abstract is widely used as an experimental system for the controlled investigation of aspects of pathogenicity and immunology of cholera and other enterotoxic enteropathies.] Finkelstein R.A.

() Immunology of Vibrio cholerae. In: Nahmias A.J., O’Reilly R.J. (eds Cited by: 5. Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (English: / k ɒ k, k ɒ x /; German: ; 11 December – 27 May ) was a German physician and one of the main founders of modern bacteriology, he identified the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and also gave experimental support for the concept of infectious disease, which included experiments on humans and Awards: ForMemRS (), Nobel Prize in Medicine ().

Methods. Systematic searches were conducted using PubMed, SCOPUS, EMBASE, LILACS, ScienceDirect, GoogleScholar, Medline Plus, and ResearchGATE.

The following search strategy was used: All published English literature since focusing on diagnostic tools for human clinical samples of cholera, and the evaluation of diagnostic tests, using the initial terms “Cholera”[Mesh] OR Cited by: Cholera Vaccine.

A live, oral cholera vaccine, VAXCHORA, was licensed in the US in June, It is licensed for persons 18 through 64 years of age traveling to cholera-affected countries. VAXCHORA is a vaccine indicated for active immunization against disease caused by Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1.

contents in brief. 1 overview of the immune system, 1. 11 activation and function of t cells, 2 innate immunity, 12 cytokines, 3 adaptive immunity,   Abstract. During the current seventh cholera pandemic, Africa bore the major brunt of global disease burden.

More than 40 years after its resurgence in Africa incholera remains a grave public health problem, characterized by large disease burden, frequent outbreaks, persistent endemicity, and high CFRs, particularly in the region of the central African Great Lakes which might act as Cited by:   After an introductory outline of the advance of the El Tor pandemic, the book is divided into five sections: bacteriology, pathogenesis and pathophysiology, clinical aspects and management, immunology, and epidemiology and control.

The contributions to the bacteriology and immunology sections are generally clear and complete. Immunology is a relatively new science. Its origin is usually attributed to Edward Jenner (Fig. ), who discovered in that cowpox, or vaccinia, induced protection against human smallpox, an often fatal disease.

Jenner called his procedure vaccination, and this term is still used to describe the inoculation of healthy individuals with weakened or attenuated strains of disease-causing Cited by: Cholera Outbreaks. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology (Book ) Share your thoughts Complete your review.

Tell readers what you thought by rating and reviewing this book. Rate it Brand: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

A further contribution deals with the application of the genomic sciences to trace the spread of cholera epidemics and how this information can be used to control cholera outbreaks. The book closes with an analysis of the potential use of killed oral cholera vaccines to stop the spread of cholera outbreaks.

Cholera vaccine is an inactivated whole-cell V. cholerae O1 in combination with a recombinant cholera toxin B subunit (rCTB) containing inactivated Inaba, Ogawa, classic and El Tor strains.

It provides partial protection (approximately 50 per cent) for 6 months and possibly longer in adults. Exam 18 Februaryquestions and answers Sample/practice examquestions and answers - quiz Lecture notes, lectures of chapters Microbiology - Lecture notes - PSC Module 1 - Notes from online course.

Learning objectives answered Exam _semesterquestions and answers. Professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction, this excellent book by the U.S. Army is a biography of the life and career of Surgeon General George stripped of the myth and hagiography that characterizes much of what is written about Author: Progressive Management.

A Concise History of Immunology Steven Greenberg the virulent chicken cholera bacillus had become attenuated by sitting on the bench over the summer months.

The similarity between these results and those of and Jenner using vaccinia Burnet himself published a book maintaining the position that an antigen directs, rather than selects File Size: KB.

Pollitzer, Robert, Swaroop, Satya, Burrows, William & World Health Organization. (‎)‎. Cholera / R. Pollitzer ; with a chapter on world incidence, written in collaboration with S.

Swaroop, and a chapter on problems in immunology and an annex, written in collaboration with W. Burrows. A brief history of immunology developed vaccines against cholera quite by accident - attenuation. Coined “vaccine” in honor of Jenner. Also made – Book has questions at the end of the chapters.

At least one question from the book will be used on each examFile Size: 2MB. vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera 9. immunology of cholera 5. treatment of cholera 6. the current cholera pandemic 7. cholera at the beginning of the 21st century 8. conclusion 9. learning outcomes 20 references and further sources 20 acknowledgements 3 15/01/, File Size: KB.

Traditional vaccines derived from live-attenuated- or inactivated whole organisms or toxins were effective in inducing predominantly antibody-based immunity, but highly reactogenic. Developments to produce safer, less reactogenic vaccines also capable of inducing cell-mediated immunity have resulted in compromised vaccine efficacy.

Adjuvants (taken from the Latin, “adjuvare,”. A terrific book by a consummate storyteller and scientific expert considers the past and future of the body’s ability to fight disease and heal itself immunology is hard. Among the many ways. Their task of the Department of Immunology is to unravel the mechanisms of this system so that they can understand why some diseases emerge, in order to come up with new strategies to tackle them and pave the way for the development of new vaccines.

This passion for immunology finds its roots in the very early days of the Institut Pasteur, when the rabies vaccine was developed (Pasteur, THE researches of Pasteur on immunisation against fowl cholera, swine erysipelas, anthrax, and rabies, and the discovery by Behring and Kitasato of the antitoxic properties of the blood serum.

An engaging and clear approach to learning complex microbiology topics and theory Praised for its exceptionally clear presentation of complex topics, this #1-selling text for microbiology non-majors provides a careful balance of concepts and applications, proven art that teaches and the most robust, dynamic media in Mastering Microbiology.

Discusses the history of cholera, including the characteristics of the disease that enable it to spread, the immunology, and treatment of this deadly disease Includes bibliographical references (pages ) and indexPages: During the current seventh cholera pandemic, Africa bore the major brunt of global disease burden.

More than 40 years after its resurgence in Africa incholera remains a grave public health. In this book, Rose George describes global deficiencies in sanitation and does a favor for basic research by reminding readers of the social relevance of mucosal immunology.

cholera infection is characterized by a high-volume, non-bloody, watery infectious diarrhea that is clouded by some mucous and thus traditionally described as "Rice-water Stools".

The diarrhea usually has an incubation of days and is not accompanied by fever but may involve vomiting. This instalment represents the second part of the authors' report from the Joint West Bengal Cholera Research Project.

It concerns the serum and intestinal antibody response, in patients with diarrhoea, to the [somatic] antigens (" bacterial " antigens, sic) of Vibrio cholerae. Antitoxin antibodies are currently under investigation. [For Part I see this Bulletin,v. 69, abstr. ]Cited by: Pasteurella multocida, the causal agent of fowl cholera, is a small, gram-negative, nonmotile rod with a capsule that may exhibit pleomorphism after repeated subculture.P multocida is considered a single species although it includes three subspecies: multocida, septica, and cies multocida is the most common cause of disease, but septica and gallicida may also cause cholera-like.Cholera is an intestinal disease than can cause death within hours after the first symptoms of vomiting or diarrhea.

Snow published an article in outlining his theory, but doctors and scientists thought he was on the wrong track and stuck with the popular belief of the time that cholera was caused by breathing vapors or a “miasma in the.